Completing your Luxembourg tax form: hints and tips
Most Luxembourg citizens and cross-border workers must complete a tax declaration in Luxembourg every year. The declaration gives you the opportunity to deduct various expenses and so reduce the amount of tax.
Although Luxembourg has the reputation of being less complicated than its neighbours, there are always some queries. In this article, we’ll take a look at the main rules to follow.
Dates and timescales
In Luxembourg, you make your tax return before the 31 March, for income for the preceding year. This is the recommended date, but not the final one. The real deadline, after which you risk a penalty or additional tax, is 31 December.
Change of dates due to coronavirus. This year, you have exceptionally until June 30, 2020 to complete your tax return.
Note, however, that you must comply scrupulously with the 31 March date if and only if you are married taxpayers and want to change the tax regime applied to your 2019 income (for instance, change from collective to individual taxation or vice versa)!
The tax authorities send out a withholding tax card (fiche de retenue d’impôt) during January or early February. This document is sent to your employer and allows it to deduct tax at source from your salary.
The formats and how to fill in the form
The paper version (form 100F for French speakers) is still used, but is gradually being replaced by electronic exchanges.
If you go online , you have two options: you can
- Download and fill in a PDF version of the 100 F form, then send it back via MyGuichet.lu.
- Fill in your form directly at the portal MyGuichet.lu.
In both cases, you need to login using a LuxTrust certificate, to guarantee maximum security.
Points to watch
You can claim a certain number of deductible expenses. Some examples are:
- Necessary costs (expenses related to carrying out a salaried activity)
- Pensions paid to a divorced spouse, maintenance payments and other standing payments
- Compulsory social-security contributions and deductions
- Insurance contributions and premiums
- Premiums paid into a pension policy
- Premiums paid into a homebuyer savings plan
- Contributions into an additional pension scheme, gifts and largesse, etc.
- Costs of domestic services and child care
The tax advantages of insurance products
For many taxpayers, life-assurance and pension products remain the best ways of benefitting from a series of ceilings for deductible expenses.
Insurance products in fact offer two tax advantages
- The premiums are deductible
- The capital value on maturity is exempt from income tax, except for pension products
Which banking and insurance products are tax deductible?
- Third-party liability insurance (e.g. car or home insurance)
- Additional mutual health insurance
- Interest charges on a personal loan
- Life insurance *
- Pension savings **
- Homebuyer savings plans
- Children’s savings plans *
* To benefit from the tax advantages provided in Luxembourg law, life insurance policies with a savings element must have a minimum term of 10 years.
** 2 conditions: minimum contract term of 10 years and retirement age between at least 60 and 75.
If you are a French or Belgian cross-border worker and want specific information about your obligations or possible deductions, please refer to the tax guide. (https://www.guidedesimpots.lu).